LG devices are some of the few left with a headphone jack. However, LG also has some of the best audio hardware of any mobile phone ever, including its trademark Quad DAC.
The Quad DAC adds a lot of advantages and puts LG flagship phones on par with many audiophile-specific devices. However, there is a lot of misunderstanding about this tech. LG has historically not given out a ton of information about Quad DACs and that’s a problem we can help fix. Here is everything you need to know about the LG Quad DAC.
hifiduinoFirst, let’s talk briefly about what DACs and amps actually are. A DAC is a digital-to-analog converter. It basically turns your music from 1s and 0s into an analog signal. The signal runs to the headphones, which then amplify the signal into your ears. Every device with a headphone jack or speakers has a DAC. For instance, these days, Qualcomm uses its Aqstic audio platform
for its Snapdragon chips. You absolutely cannot have a device that produces sound without a DAC somewhere, because 1s and 0s don’t make noise.
Basically, the DAC makes sound happen on electronics.
An amp is also a piece of tech all devices with sound have. The amp, short for amplifier, is the piece of tech responsible for, well, amplifying the signal from the DAC. Almost all things that produce sound have both a DAC and an amplifier.
Finally, let’s talk briefly about SNR, or signal-to-noise ratio. To put it simply, SNR is a measurement that compares the level of an audio signal with the level of background noise. In theory, the higher the number, the better your music sounds. SoundGuys has an excellent post about bit depth and SNR here if you want to read the longer version.
while the Quad DAC has been measured as high as 130dB. The extra 15dB is because of the Quad DAC.
We dug into the Quad DAC quite a bit when it first launched. You can read the much longer, much more in-depth explanation about how it works by clicking here .
LG's Quad DAC is surprisingly complicated.
Despite its name, the Quad DAC actually works like any other amp-and-DAC combo. The amplifier generates a lot more power than your standard headphone jack, thus giving LG devices the ability to power higher impedance headphones like the 300-ohm Sennheiser HD600 . Meanwhile, the DAC portion supports audio files with up to 32-bit audio at 384 kHz sample rate (as of the LG V60). The numbers haven’t changed much over the years.
Here are the technical specs of the Quad DAC as of the LG V60:
You get almost none of those things from your usual headphone jack on a smartphone and that’s part of what makes LG phones special. Finally, before we move on, here are the model numbers of every ESS Sabre DAC featured in an LG smartphone.
There are a few things to note. The LG V10 did not have a Quad DAC and it was the only model with a separate amp. Every model afterward came with a Quad DAC as well as an integrated amp. Additionally, the hardware has actually changed very little from the introduction of the first Quad DAC. The biggest changes came from the tuning, until the LG V60 with its ES9219 Quad DAC.
The Quad DAC does most of the work for you. It is enabled by default in the settings and stays that way unless you change it. There are some settings you can change, but for the most part it just delivers a pleasurable audio experience from most sources. Here are the settings you can actually change (as of the LG V60).
Adjust those settings while listening to your favorite tunes to get everything the way you want it. After that, you sit back and enjoy your music.
You should be able to get a pretty decent experience with everything above. However, there are some other, smaller details you might want to know about to get the absolute best experience out of the Quad DAC.
One of the most annoying issues with LG’s Quad DAC is how many apps bypass it entirely. This isn’t LG’s fault, it’s due to the Android OS as a whole. The short version is most Android music players use music APIs native to the OS to sample music instead of the Quad DAC. Thus, most music ends up at 16-bit, 44 kHz no matter the actual bit depth and sample rate.
There are only a few ways to fix this. The common knowledge fix is to purchase the app UAPP (USB Audio Player Pro) for $8 . The app plays almost any file at its native sample rate and bit depth, including MQA and DSD files. It also plays nice with UPnP devices, network devices, and you can even connect your TIDAL account and listen to MQA albums through UAPP. I personally use it to listen to Google Play Music as well. It’s pretty awesome. There are other solutions, but UAPP is the easy, all-in-one, “works all the time” solution.
It’s a bit of an expensivemusic app, but it’s totally worth it for audiophiles with music collections in super high quality audio formats. Those of you with libraries in MP3 can disregard all of this since the sample rate isn’t higher than 16-bit, 44 kHz. You folks can use whatever music player you want.
The Quad DAC exists in three possible modes. The first is off and you already know how off works. However, when the DAC is active, it’ll either be in low-impedance (up to 50 ohm) mode and high-impedance (up to 600ohm) mode.
Earlier LG devices had a prompt in the settings to tell you which one you had active. Later LG devices stopped this practice for some bewildering reason, but you can restore the functionality with the Hi-Fi Status (LG) app. The app reads the state of the Quad DAC when you plug in headphones and you can easily see if you’re in low impedance or high impedance mode. It costs $0.99, but it should work with every LG device with the Quad DAC. We tested it with the LG V60 and it worked fine.
The app only updates its state when opened (on the LG V60 at least), so it’s a bit annoying to use. Just close it out of recent apps and re-open. That bug may get fixed in a future update and it’s honestly not that bad. You can also configure it to give you toast messages or a persistent notification.
LG has been a leader in audio for years and the Quad DAC is a testament to that. There are few devices that even compete. Many devices have special DACs, but none of them have a Quad DAC system and fewer still have a third party amp to power high end headphones. The one-two combo allows LG phones to power the best of the best headphones and deliver excellent sound in the process. No other modern mobile phone can do that.